Disciple Hour: Three Snapshots of Moses’ Life – Exodus 2

Truth Taught- God was at work in making Moses into the man He would use to save His people

Introduction

Chapter 1 focused on Pharoah’s concern because the Hebrews were multiplying greatly in the land and he wanted to put a stop to it by killing all the baby boys who were born.

So concerned was he that he even commanded all the Egyptians to cast all the baby boys into the Nile River.  This will be an issue in Moses’ birth, after all he is a Hebrew baby boy.

In Chapter 2 of Exodus, we are introduced to Moses.  We are shown three specific episodes of his life that will help us see what God was doing in Moses to better prepare him for his coming mission to lead his people out of Egypt. 

1.  Moses’ Birth and Rescue (2:1-10)

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Sermon: Jesus’ Divine Authority Matthew 21:23-32

Truth Taught- Jesus has the authority to open or shut the door to God’s Kingdom

Introduction

In the passage for today, Jesus’ authority is put into question and challenged by the religious leaders that He has placed under divine judgement.

Where does it come from and who gave it to you? 
We know the answer as we have watched Jesus through the pages of this Gospel that He does have authority.  No one other than His Father gave Him this authority.

Matthew 28:18 (ESV)

18 And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

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Sermon: Jesus Curses the Fig Tree and False Religion Matthew 21:18-22

Truth Taught- Judaism looked good but failed to produce any fruit, therefore, Jesus forever curses it.

Introduction

Matthew’s account places Jesus and His disciples on their way from Bethany back to Jerusalem.  It follows behind the account of Jesus cleansing the Temple of the Money Changers and those who sold sacrificial animals.  We saw last week that it was the Priests of Israel that had the responsibility to keep the Temple pure and free from anything that would hinder the worship of God.  But the Priests of Jerusalem had long since traded true worship for monetary gain. 
We saw last time that Jesus was doing wonderful things, literally Messiah things, cleansing the temple, healing the blind and lame, clearing the way for true worship and the Scribes and Priests were indignant.  They saw the wonderful things, they heard the children declaring that Jesus is the Messiah, and they were angry.

Then Matthew declares that Jesus left them.  He left their religious establishment never to return to them.  We noted that He came back to the Temple but not to those religious leaders.  His words to them from now on would be words of judgement not of instruction or care.
Jesus has declared His authority over Jerusalem as He entered it seated on the colt.  He has declared His authority over the Temple as He cleansed it and declare it to be His house of prayer and worship.  Today, in a further act of judgement on the religion of the day, He curses Judaism once and for all.

Matthew has given us three visual proofs that Jesus is the Messiah.

1. Jesus entering His City riding the colt

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Disciple Hour: God’s People Will Be Persecuted – Exodus 1

Truth Taught- God’s people will be persecuted by God’s enemies

Introduction

In the first Chapter of Exodus, we immediately see that the Israelites have greatly increased in number.  They have gone from 70 to over 2 million people in the course of around 400 years or so.  

This great number we see as God forming the nation as He had promised the Patriarchs. 

Genesis 12:1–3 (ESV) 

12 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” 

We see their great numbers as God fulfilling His promise but the Egyptians and especially Pharoah saw this as a threat to their sovereignty.

To combat their fruitfulness, Pharoah tries two tactics: first, he makes them slaves and second, he tries to have all the male babies killed.

1.  The Promise of Increase (1:1-7)  

1 These are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob, each with his household: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. All the descendants of Jacob were seventy persons; Joseph was already in Egypt. Then Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. But the people of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly; they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong, so that the land was filled with them. 

Because we’ve studied Genesis the Exodus prologue makes sense to us.  We are familiar with the sons of Israel and we know that Israel and Jacob are the same person. 
Joseph was already in Egypt- we also know the details of Joseph being taken to Egypt.  We know about his brothers selling him into slavery and all he went through.  We were privileged to inside information that while his brothers were doing a very evil act, God was also working to bring Jacob’s family to Egypt.  This is how God would keep the covenant line alive through the famine.
We know about God’s covenant promise to make Jacob’s family into a great nation.  So, God is causing His people to multiply greatly in the Land.


But the people of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly; they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong, so that the land was filled with them.

The numerical increase of the Israelites is a sign of divine blessing.  They are fulfilling God’s original command to Adam and Eve, be fruitful and multiply.

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Sermon: The Messiah King Enters His Temple Matthew 21:12-17

Truth Taught- Jesus is the Messiah King who cleanses His Temple

Introduction

Two weeks ago, we saw Jesus entering His City, Jerusalem riding a young colt with the praise of the followers singing, 

Matthew 21:9 (ESV) 

And the crowds that went before him and that followed him were shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!” 

As a traveler entered the great city from the east as Jesus did, the first place one would enter is the Temple area.  According to Mark’s account, the event of cleansing the Temple took place the next day after the Triumphal Entry into the City.

The setting for our text today is not the inner sanctum where the Jews could enter to worship but rather the court yard area which was where the Gentiles could be.  The Court of the Gentiles. 
The scene was that the money changers and those who sold sacrificial animals were set up and had overtaken the court of the Gentiles.  This was a great hinderance to their worship.  It would be most difficult to bow down to pray next to someone shouting for business or next to the bleating lambs which were in their stalls, also in the court yard area.  This was not the purpose of the Temple. 
The practice of money changing began because the Jews required Jewish coinage and not Roman coinage to be used for the Temple Tax which was paid just before Passover.  So, the Jews would greatly benefit from the crowds that would gather in Jerusalem at Passover and they would greatly profit when these pilgrim worshippers who often spoke another language had to pay their tax in Jewish currency.  Not only would the Jews profit but so would the money changers.

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