Sermon: Salvation Through the Son of David Isaiah 11

Salvation Through the Son of David
Isaiah 11

Truth Taught-Jesus is the promised shoot from the stump of Jesse, in Him will God’s people find life and peace.

Introduction

The judgment of God that was poured out on Judah during the time of Isaiah due to their gross idolatry and worship of foreign gods was very severe. So severe, that what was left, was seen in the image of stumps after a logging company has gone through and cut down an entire forest. God had cut down all of Judah and all that remained were stumps of the trees that once stood tall.

Isaiah 10:33–34 (ESV)

33   Behold, the Lord God of hosts

will lop the boughs with terrifying power;

       the great in height will be hewn down,

and the lofty will be brought low.

34   He will cut down the thickets of the forest with an axe,

and Lebanon will fall by the Majestic One.

All the stumps were seen as dead. No life was left. The people were cast into darkness and lived in the shadow of death. But there was this one stump that God had made a promise with. Even though it too was hewn down with the rest of Judah, because of God’s promise He would not let this one particular stump die.
2 Samuel 7:12–14 (ESV)

12 When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men,

The imagery is extremely clear. All hope is lost. All the stumps look to be dead. Sin had rendered the entire human race dead in trespasses and sin. Sin had further caused God to reach out His hand of judgment and utterly destroy Judah.

Yet, in judgment God is merciful because of His covenant with David.

Father, You have Gathered Your people that You may let us hear Your words, so that we may learn to fear You all the days that we live on the earth, and that we may also teach our children…amen

  1. The Birth of the Eternal Davidic Kingdom

11 There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse,

and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit.

   And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him,

the Spirit of wisdom and understanding,

the Spirit of counsel and might,

the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.

   And his delight shall be in the fear of the Lord.

       He shall not judge by what his eyes see,

or decide disputes by what his ears hear,

   but with righteousness he shall judge the poor,

and decide with equity for the meek of the earth;

       and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth,

and with the breath of his lips he shall kill the wicked.

   Righteousness shall be the belt of his waist,

and faithfulness the belt of his loins.

The incarnation of Jesus, the birth of our Lord is the shoot that springs up from the Davidic stump that God had left alive.

Here’s the further picture. Out of all the stumps there is one that God had made promises to, the stump of Jesse. Now, Jesse was King David’s father and so God’s eternal covenant with King David is seen here. So, from this all but dead stump shoots up from the roots a new tree, a tender shoot. This new tree is none other than Jesus Himself.

We know Isaiah is referring to Jesus because Jesus said he was. In Isaiah 61, the same thing is said; the Spirit of the Lord will be upon Him or upon this shoot.

Luke 4:17–21 (ESV)

17 And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written,

18   “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,

because he has anointed me

to proclaim good news to the poor.

       He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives

and recovering of sight to the blind,

to set at liberty those who are oppressed,

19   to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”

20 And he rolled up the scroll and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. 21 And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”

We also have the birth narrative in Luke 2 where Luke stresses the fact that Jesus is of the line of King David.

Luke 2:1–7 (ESV)

In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. This was the first registration when Quirinius was governor of Syria. And all went to be registered, each to his own town. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child. And while they were there, the time came for her to give birth. And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.

Isaiah 11:1-5 sounds a lot like our text from last week…
Isaiah 9:6–7 (ESV)

   For to us a child is born,

to us a son is given;

       and the government shall be upon his shoulder,

and his name shall be called

       Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,

Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

   Of the increase of his government and of peace

there will be no end,

       on the throne of David and over his kingdom,

to establish it and to uphold it

       with justice and with righteousness

from this time forth and forevermore.

       The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.

Look to Isaiah 11:3…

   And his delight shall be in the fear of the Lord.

       He shall not judge by what his eyes see,

or decide disputes by what his ears hear,

Through all these amazing divine traits Jesus has there is one that is the fuel behind all the others…

Isaiah tells us the one overarching trait of King Jesus is that He loves to fear God. His joy is wrapped up in the fear of God. Look with me to see how the fear of God drives Jesus to act as He does…

Verse 3: “And his delight shall be in the fear of the LORD.” What a statement! It’s so contrary to the emotions of the world. His joy is to stand in awe of God. His joy is to tremble at the terrible prospect of displeasing God. This makes him utterly reliable in his judgments among men. Verses 3–5: “He shall not judge by what his eyes see, or decide disputes by what his ears hear, but with righteousness he shall judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the earth; and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall kill the wicked. Righteousness shall be the belt of his waist, and faithfulness the belt of his loins.” His judgments are not based on the appearance or the opinions of others. His joy is in the fear of the Lord, not the fear of man.[1]

What is utterly amazing is that somewhere around verse 3 or 4 there is a shift in Isaiah’s prophecy. He shifts from speaking about Jesus’ first coming at His birth to His second coming. The first coming Jesus grew and began His Kingdom on earth and when He returns He will consummate the fullness of His Kingdom on this earth. When He sets up this final Kingdom He will be the perfect King and perfect Judge.

We know there is a shift because when the Apostle Paul begins to speak about the second coming he quotes Isaiah 11:4 in…

2 Thessalonians 2:8 (ESV)

And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will kill with the breath of his mouth and bring to nothing by the appearance of his coming.

One thing about prophetic writings is that the prophets did not see everything only the prophecies God gave them. Scholars have called this the mountain peaks of divine prophecy. What they mean is that they specifically saw the peaks but not the valleys. So as in the case of today’s text, Isaiah did not necessarily see the timeline. He saw the shoot spring forth and then the NT writers gave the name to Isaiah’s prophecy…they knew he was referring to Jesus. Then Isaiah speaks of things that still have not happened yet. He sees the peaks of Jesus’ kingdom but not the valleys or the timeline.

Paul tells us that Isaiah 11:3ff is true of Jesus at His second coming.

Look with me at the rest of Isaiah 11. Keep in mind that all these amazing things are going to happen as a result of God raising up this shoot from the stump of Jesse or we could say because Jesus came and took on flesh at His birth. Because Jesus came to us 2000 years ago…

  1. The Coming of World Peace

   The wolf shall dwell with the lamb,

and the leopard shall lie down with the young goat,

       and the calf and the lion and the fattened calf together;

and a little child shall lead them.

   The cow and the bear shall graze;

their young shall lie down together;

and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.

   The nursing child shall play over the hole of the cobra,

and the weaned child shall put his hand on the adder’s den.

   They shall not hurt or destroy

in all my holy mountain;

       for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord

as the waters cover the sea.

This is a picture of something radically new. The summary of the point is given in verse 9, first negatively, then positively. “They shall not hurt or destroy in all my holy mountain.” Hurting forces and destructive forces that touch animals and children will be gone. How? Amazingly, Isaiah gives this reason (and it really is a ground clause in Hebrew) in verse 9b: “because the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.” So it is a global kingdom. And in it is an earthly kingdom with animals. And the animals will behave according to the knowledge of God. Where the earth is filled with the knowledge of God, and no longer suppressed (as in Romans 1:18), changes even in nature are profound and pervasive. The spirit of the king — the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord — is so present and powerful that it fills the earth with the knowledge of God, and changes everything.[2]

  1. The Coming of the Nations

10 In that day the root of Jesse, who shall stand as a signal for the peoples—of him shall the nations inquire, and his resting place shall be glorious.

Paul quotes this verse in Romans 15:12 as something that is coming true in his own mission to the Gentiles. God means for the nations of the world to be part of the kingdom of the Messiah. The root of Jesse is a signal to all the nations of the world: Come, seek the Messiah. His rest is glory. He will welcome you. Join him.[3]

  1. The Gathering of God’s People

11 In that day the Lord will extend his hand yet a second time to recover the remnant that remains of his people, from Assyria, from Egypt, from Pathros, from Cush, from Elam, from Shinar, from Hamath, and from the coastlands of the sea.

12   He will raise a signal for the nations

and will assemble the banished of Israel,

       and gather the dispersed of Judah

from the four corners of the earth.

13   The jealousy of Ephraim shall depart,

and those who harass Judah shall be cut off;

       Ephraim shall not be jealous of Judah,

and Judah shall not harass Ephraim.

14   But they shall swoop down on the shoulder of the Philistines in the west,

and together they shall plunder the people of the east.

       They shall put out their hand against Edom and Moab,

and the Ammonites shall obey them.

15   And the Lord will utterly destroy

the tongue of the Sea of Egypt,

       and will wave his hand over the River

with his scorching breath,

       and strike it into seven channels,

and he will lead people across in sandals.

16   And there will be a highway from Assyria

for the remnant that remains of his people,

       as there was for Israel

when they came up from the land of Egypt.

The focus on the remnant of Israel scattered among the nations. Verse 11: “In that day the Lord will extend his hand yet a second time to recover the remnant that remains of his people.” The second time probably refers back to the Exodus since that’s referred to in verse 16 and because the word for “recover” is obtain by purchase which is used (in Exodus 15:16) of how God purchased Israel at the Exodus.[4]

Because of the incarnation…for unto us a child is born and unto us a son is given we will experience a future Kingdom where Jesus Christ rules in complete righteousness. Because of the incarnation the shoot from the Davidic stump that God accomplished at the birth of our Lord everything is different.

Application

As we week by week look to apply the truths from the text we’ve just read to our lives, there is a principle we should grab a hold of in Scripture application and that is what is true of Jesus should be becoming true of us. Here, I think you’ll see what I’m referring to…

We see that Jesus does not make judgments based on what He sees or hears.

   And his delight shall be in the fear of the Lord.

       He shall not judge by what his eyes see,

or decide disputes by what his ears hear,

   but with righteousness he shall judge the poor,

and decide with equity for the meek of the earth;

I pray we too are in the process of making judgments based on God’s righteous Word not on our own perceptions. Jesus judges in righteousness. My prayer is that is becoming more true for us each day. Ask yourself…do I make decisions based on man’s wisdom or God’s wisdom?

   Righteousness shall be the belt of his waist,

and faithfulness the belt of his loins.

Notice what Paul commands all believers to do…

Ephesians 6:14 (ESV)

14 Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,

As we watch Jesus through the Scriptures seek His help to accomplish in your life what you see Him doing.

TT-Jesus is the promised shoot from the stump of Jesse, in Him will God’s people find life and peace.

 

[1] Piper on Isaiah 11

[2] Piper on Isaiah 11

[3] Piper on Isaiah 11

[4] ibid

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