Sermon: Jesus Died in Accordance With the Scriptures John 19:9-30

Jesus Died in Accordance With the Scriptures

John 19:9-30

Truth Taught- The death of Jesus on the cross is the epicenter of all the Scriptures.

Introduction

1 Corinthians 15:3–4 (ESV)

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures,

Human Need- Rest in Christ, Receive forgiveness through Christ and rejoice in Christ

Father, You have Gathered Your people that You may let us hear Your words, so that we may learn to fear You all the days that we live on the earth, and that we may also teach our children…amen

John 19:9–30 (ESV)

He entered his headquarters again and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?” 11 Jesus answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.”

12 From then on Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” 13 So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic Gabbatha. 14 Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” 15 They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” 16 So he delivered him over to them to be crucified.

So they took Jesus, 17 and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. 18 There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” 20 Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’ ” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.”

23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, 24 so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says,

       “They divided my garments among them,

and for my clothing they cast lots.”

So the soldiers did these things, 25 but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.

28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the Scripture), “I thirst.” 29 A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

  1. Scripture Fulfilled in Every Detail

16 So he delivered him over to them to be crucified.

So they took Jesus, 17 and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. 18 There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” 20 Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’ ” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.”

23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, 24 so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says,

       “They divided my garments among them,

and for my clothing they cast lots.”

The death and resurrection of our Lord is the pinnacle event of history and the epicenter of all Scripture.  There are many key OT passages that point us directly to the cross event.  In order to grasp the work of God in the cross, we must look at some of the OT prophetic promises and see how they are fulfilled at Calvary.  Here’s the reality of the OT promises for us…

2 Corinthians 1:20 (ESV)

20 For all the promises of God find their Yes in him. That is why it is through him that we utter our Amen to God for his glory.

All the redemptive promises point directly to Jesus and find their fulfillment in Jesus.  He is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.  When John the Baptist speaks these words he is acting as an OT prophet saying that Jesus is the fulfillment of all the OT sacrificial system.  After the cross, God will accept no more sacrificial lambs.  Once the final ultimate Lamb of God was sacrificed God’s sacrificial demands are all done.

16 So he delivered him over to them to be crucified.

So they took Jesus, 17 and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha.

When we consider the other gospel accounts we discover that Jesus was led away to be crucified.  He did not fight them but went to the cross willingly.  This was His ultimate purpose for coming to earth.  Notice how this is fulfillment of…
Isaiah 53:7 (ESV)

    He was oppressed, and he was afflicted,

yet he opened not his mouth;

       like a lamb that is led to the slaughter,

and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent,

so he opened not his mouth.

Many trusted scholars see the fact that He carried His own cross as a type of Isaac who carried the wood when he and Abraham went up to the hill for the offering of Isaac.  As the wood was laid on Isaac so the crossbeam was laid on Jesus Christ.

Genesis 22:6 (ESV)

And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son. And he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So they went both of them together.

Jesus was sacrificed outside the holy City of Jerusalem…

17 and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha.

Crucifixions took place outside of the city.  According to the Mosaic Law, the sin offerings were to be sacrificed outside the camp or outside the city.

Leviticus 16:27 (ESV)

27 And the bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried outside the camp. Their skin and their flesh and their dung shall be burned up with fire.

Hebrews 13:11–12 (ESV)
11 For the bodies of those animals whose blood is brought into the holy places by the high priest as a sacrifice for sin are burned outside the camp. 12 So Jesus also suffered outside the gate in order to sanctify the people through his own blood.

John does not elaborate on the details of the torture of the cross.  He doesn’t tell us of the physical pain Jesus endured for the forgiveness of sin.  He simply writes…18 There they crucified him,

Perhaps the reason is because there was a much more painful piece of the cross that Jesus had to endure.  More devastating to Jesus than the torture of the scourging and crucifixion was the pain of being separated from His Father.

Matthew 27:46 (ESV)

46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

Christ’s crucifixion is the antitype of many OT passages.  There is a genre of biblical writing called typology.  In typology, there is the type- an event that points to a greater event of the same type.

Numbers 21:6–9 (ESV)

Then the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people, so that many people of Israel died. And the people came to Moses and said, “We have sinned, for we have spoken against the Lord and against you. Pray to the Lord, that he take away the serpents from us.” So Moses prayed for the people. And the Lord said to Moses, “Make a fiery serpent and set it on a pole, and everyone who is bitten, when he sees it, shall live.” So Moses made a bronze serpent and set it on a pole. And if a serpent bit anyone, he would look at the bronze serpent and live.

Notice what Jesus, Himself, says about the exodus event of the bronze serpent…

John 3:14–15 (ESV)

14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15 that whoever believes in him may have eternal life.

Jesus acknowledges that the exodus event of the bronze serpent is a prophetic picture of the cross.

How did Jesus know this?  He speaks these words all the way back in John 3.  In another passage He speaks of being lifted up in His death.
John 8:28 (ESV)

28 So Jesus said to them, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority, but speak just as the Father taught me.

He says that when He is lifted up then they will see it and remember what He taught them.  Jesus did this a lot.  He realized they were not getting it so He gave them memory markers to trigger what He taught.  The cross was the trigger that would make everything click for them.
Another typology of the cross and death of Jesus is the account of Jonah…

Jonah 1:17 (ESV)

17  And the Lord appointed a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
Matthew 12:38–40 (ESV)

38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.” 39 But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

We see that even the actions of the soldiers were fulfillment of prophecy concerning the cross.

23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, 24 so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says,

       “They divided my garments among them,

and for my clothing they cast lots.”

 

  1. Scripture Fulfilled Completely

28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the Scripture), “I thirst.” 29 A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

While being barely alive, having been beaten and hung on the cross Jesus was still passionate about fulfilling all the Father gave Him to accomplish.  According to John, there was one more thing to be fulfilled.

Psalm 69:21 (ESV)

21    They gave me poison for food,

and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink.

Jesus declared that He was thirsty and so the soldier took a hyssop branch with sponge stuck on it and added the sour wine to it and lifted it up to Jesus.  Upon drinking from it, with everything now accomplished at that exact moment, He died.

“It is finished” was His cry from the cross.

The other Gospel writers tell us that this was a loud cry or shout.  This was Christ’s victory cry.  It was a shout of triumph.  The work of redemption that the Father gave Him to do was accomplished.  Sin was atoned for…

Hebrews 9:12 (ESV)

12 he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption.

Satan was defeated and rendered powerless…
Hebrews 2:14 (ESV)

14 Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,

Every requirement of God’s righteous law had been satisfied; God’s holy wrath against sin had been appeased…

Hebrews 2:17 (ESV)

17 Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.

Every prophecy had been fulfilled.  Jesus completed all the work the Father gave Him.  This means, that nothing is left to be done.  Nothing more can be done.  Man cannot add anything to this sacrifice Jesus made for sin.
It is Finished…All we can do is to believe and our faith, in what Christ has done for us, is counted as righteousness.
Ephesians 2:8–9 (ESV)

For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.

Application

So, the greatest cry of victory came through the greatest act of humility and suffering.

For us today, one way to apply this passage is to stand in awe of Jesus Christ and His death for us on the cross.  As we consider that this was the will and decree of the Father before the world began.  This was the plan of the Father from the time of the first prophets.  Throughout redemptive history God has been working to secure your salvation through His Son’s death.

So our response should be humble, reverential, worship.  Jesus paid it all, Jesus did it all, and Jesus did it perfectly…IT IS FINISHED!!

Church, your redemption is completed.  Because of the death of Christ on the cross you are saved.  He paid for your sin in full and there is nothing left for us to do except believe.  We cannot add one ounce of works to this perfect work of Christ.  His work is finished.

John 1:12 (ESV)

12 But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God,

John 6:40 (ESV)

40 For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.”

In the Shorter Catechism they ask, “What is faith in Jesus Christ?” and answer, “Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, whereby we receive and rest upon Him alone for salvation as He is offered to us in the gospel” (question 86). Faith is not a work on two counts. First, it is a gift from God. It is not just received by grace, but is a grace. Faith is something God gives to us. On our own it is not possible, for we are dead in our trespasses and sins. And note that our faith has a specific object- as He is offered to us in the gospel.”
Second, faith, by its nature, is passive. We rest; we do not work. We receive; we do not earn. There is more to resting than mere assent, but there is not more work.  Indeed there is no work at all, just resting and receiving the very ground of our salvation- the work of Christ for us.

Rest. Receive. And rejoice.

As God rested after the six days of creation we too are now able to rest in Christ.  He worked, He suffered, He fulfilled everything, He died for our sin in accordance with the Scripture…and we believe.  God gives us belief and a free gift of grace so that His Son’s work was not in vain.  He is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

Sources- MacArthur’s Commentary…DA Carson’s Commentary…Ligonier Ministry website.

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