Sermon: Jesus, the Son of God John 10:22-42

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Jesus, the Son of God

John 10:22-42

Primary Truth Taught- Jesus declares Himself to be the Messiah and the Son of God and many believed in His name

Introduction

In our passage today our Lord shows us just who He is. His identity goes way past being the Messiah to actually being the Son of God. Jesus claims full deity here in our text today. Many reject His claims and many believe His claims. We too are left with a challenge to believe.

Human Need Met

If God has granted true saving faith to you…if you believe that Jesus is the Christ the Son of God and if you have received life in His name do not take that lightly. Oh…what countless miracles have taken place for you to have eternal life. Thank Him, praise Him, love Him and serve Him with all your heart.

John 10:22–42 (ESV)

22 At that time the Feast of Dedication took place at Jerusalem. It was winter, 23 and Jesus was walking in the temple, in the colonnade of Solomon. 24 So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.” 25 Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in my Father’s name bear witness about me, 26 but you do not believe because you are not among my sheep. 27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.”

31 The Jews picked up stones again to stone him. 32 Jesus answered them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me?” 33 The Jews answered him, “It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God.” 34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’? 35 If he called them gods to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be broken— 36 do you say of him whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? 37 If I am not doing the works of my Father, then do not believe me; 38 but if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father.” 39 Again they sought to arrest him, but he escaped from their hands.

40 He went away again across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing at first, and there he remained. 41 And many came to him. And they said, “John did no sign, but everything that John said about this man was true.” 42 And many believed in him there.

  1. Jesus and the Pharisee’s Q and A

24 So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.” 25 Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in my Father’s name bear witness about me, 26 but you do not believe because you are not among my sheep. 27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.”

The Pharisees want a straight plain answer.  Jesus has been telling them and everyone else who He really is.
So, our Lord tells them and shows them that He is truly the Messiah. He goes even further than that. He explains that He has a people who were created to worship Him and belong to Him. These people will never cease to exist or cease to belong to Him. He explains that the unity of the Trinity is the guarantee of God’s people being kept for all eternity. You see, Jesus and His Father are in perfect union and perfectly in step with each other. The Father keeps us while at the same time the Son keeps us. So long as God remains so to does His flock.

30 I and the Father are one.

Notice that Jesus takes us to this answer by showing how this oneness serves our salvation—our eternal safety and joy. The Father and I are one. No one can take you from me because I am stronger than all. And no one can take you from my Father, because my Father is stronger than all. When you are in my hand, you are in his hand, and when you are in his hand, you are in my hand. Our omnipotence, and our unity are your safety, your salvation.[1]

Our Lord’s answer blasts way past are you the Messiah or not tell us plainly. Well, let Me just tell you plainly who I really am…I am the Son of God, divine in every way.

When Jesus uses this as His final answer there is no misunderstanding in the Pharisee’s minds as to what He means. Today, the modern day Arians will say things like, well, Jesus is simply saying that He and His Father are one in purpose. They deny that He means one in being. Note: not one in person.
There is no doubt that Jesus and His Father share the same purpose and are, in fact, one in purpose. However, all one has to do is read the New Testament to discover that Jesus and the Father are both two persons or three that make up the Godhead.
John 1:1 (ESV)

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:18 (ESV)

18 No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known.

John 20:28–29 (ESV)

28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”

John 8:58 (ESV)

58 Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.”

John 12:41 (ESV)

41 Isaiah said these things because he saw his glory and spoke of him.

Jesus did everything the Father does no human can claim that. He is sinless no human can claim that.
Our Lord answered their questions in ways that went infinitely past, are you the Christ tell us plainly. He said, I’m the Son of God. I own sheep and they are kept by My Father and I at the same time because We are One.

  1. The Great Lostness of the Jews

31 The Jews picked up stones again to stone him. 32 Jesus answered them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me?” 33 The Jews answered him, “It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God.”

These Pharisees were unable to connect the words of Jesus with the works of Jesus. Do you see where they fail to make the connection? In the things Jesus says He draws into question a great many things. Is He a blasphemer? Is He trying to stir up trouble? Is He crazy? Jesus is claiming to be the Son of God, He’s claiming deity and for this the Jews want to kill Him.
What they cannot see or connect is the fact that His works prove His words. This is what they cannot see.
31 The Jews picked up stones again to stone him. 32 Jesus answered them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me?”

Literally, the original language is Noble or great works. He healed a paralytic, He gave sight to a man born blind. He did many other noble works which should be connected to His claim to be God’s Son. He did things only God can do.
Rather than seeing with their eyes and hearing with their ears these Jews claim Jesus has a demon. In reality they were the ones guilty of blasphemy. They were righting off a miraculous work of God and attributing it to the devil.

They are again showing their deep and utter lostness.
They Heard a Claim to Deity

This is not the first time they accused Jesus of talking this way. Listen to John 5:18: “This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.” So they are not just saying in John 10:33, “You’re acting like “a god.” They are saying, You are acting like God. That’s what it means to say, “You make yourself equal with God.” The same as God.[2]

Can you see how sad this picture is? The great religion of Judaism and those who are its leaders are proving to be Jesus’ enemies and by connection, God’s enemies. Judaism is not just another way. They do NOT worship God. They are lost and when confronted with God’s Son, rather than believing and falling at His feet and praising Him they desire to kill Him. It’s a sad story of sin and lostness.

  1. Those Who Refuse to Believe

34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’? 35 If he called them gods to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be broken— 36 do you say of him whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? 37 If I am not doing the works of my Father, then do not believe me; 38 but if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father.” 39 Again they sought to arrest him, but he escaped from their hands.

I think we see here Jesus not wanting to give up on these Jews by pleading with them one more time. He has escaped their murderous intentions a couple of times already. He pleads that they believe. The reality is that they don’t believe because they are not His sheep. Still, we see Jesus giving them one more chance to believe.
His line of reasoning goes like this. First, this is not Jesus denying His deity, as some would want us to think, rather it is Jesus reasoning with these Jews from their own Bible, the Old Testament.
He quotes Psalm 82:6-7 from the LXX. In this Psalm Asaph shows us that all who are specially godly and anointed for a special task, whether it be the prophets, angels, and/or those who are followers of God can rightly be called sons of God. So, Jesus is explaining this point to the Jews who are either refusing to listen or cannot hear what Jesus is telling them.
Our Lord is offering them one last opportunity to respond with belief. Notice what He says…
37 If I am not doing the works of my Father, then do not believe me; 38 but if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father.”

Jesus tells them, even if you don’t believe My words, believe My works. Seek to understand that My works are evidence that I am from the Father and He is in Me and I in Him. Their response is still unbelief even in the works Jesus does.
We must see something here…The Jews had the words of Jesus. His teaching was unlike anything anyone had ever heard. He taught with authority and love.
Matthew 7:28–29 (ESV)

28 And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, 29 for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes.

These Jews had this kind of teaching consistently and they refused it. Rather than being amazed and willing to hear and obey, they said Jesus was crazy.
Then our Lord accompanied His teaching with miraculous works that could only be explained by the fact that He is God. He did things only God can do. The response was not amazement and worship but these Jews claimed Jesus was demon possessed.
Are these Jews so ignorant of God that they cannot see God at work right before their eyes?
John 5:19–24 (ESV)

19 So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of his own accord, but only what he sees the Father doing. For whatever the Father does, that the Son does likewise. 20 For the Father loves the Son and shows him all that he himself is doing. And greater works than these will he show him, so that you may marvel. 21 For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom he will. 22 For the Father judges no one, but has given all judgment to the Son, 23 that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. 24 Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life. He does not come into judgment, but has passed from death to life.
4. Those Who do Believe
40 He went away again across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing at first, and there he remained. 41 And many came to him. And they said, “John did no sign, but everything that John said about this man was true.” 42 And many believed in him there.

Look now at how quickly Jesus’ sheep respond to Him…
We see a principle that we should look at and follow. Jesus tried over and over again with God’s Words and God’s Works to convince these Jews and could not. He tried repeatedly and was unsuccessful. So, what did Jesus do? He went away and began to offer the same Gospel call to others and left those Jews to suffer the consequences of their unbelief.
Now, I’m not saying to stop witnessing to those who are currently unresponsive. What I am saying though is that we can’t just share Christ with them. We must also move on to others who perhaps have never heard the Gospel. That’s exactly what Jesus does here. Notice the result…42 And many believed in him there.
Look with me at how quickly they responded and with less proof than the unbelieving Jews.

One scholar calls this Jesus’ strategic retreat.
We see just how ready these folks were to embrace Jesus. They believed wholeheartedly and without seeing great signs. John records that John the Baptist didn’t do any miracles but what he did do was faithfully teach the people about Jesus. Now John the Baptist is dead and all that remains is his teaching. When the people see Jesus and connect His teaching with what John had told them earlier they believed. The Apostle John writes that many came to Jesus and many believed.
We can see how important a faithful witness’ testimony can be. Even after John the Baptist is gone, the Holy Spirit moves and belief is the result.
I pray this is an encouragement to those who seek to be faithful and at times there is very little visible fruit. Never forget that God is in control and He moves whenever it is the right time to gather sheep for His own. We never know when a word of encouragement or word of truth can return and be used by God to cause belief to take place within the heart of a person.

I could not think of a better phrase to be uttered about someone than… everything that John said about this man was true.
We see that truth is all God needs to birth belief within a person. For those in Jerusalem our Lord performed miracle after miracle with no saving faith resulting. They had truth and signs but no faith.
Here, Jesus enters a region where all they had was the words of a faithful prophet and when Jesus entered and also taught them belief was born. The connection was made between John’s preaching and Jesus’ preaching and they believed.

We see what John wrote at the beginning of His Gospel illustrated for us here in today’s text…

John 1:11–13 (ESV)

11 He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him. 12 But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

If you believe today, praise God because He gave you this belief. If you believe today praise God because you have been born of God. Belief is the indicator that you are elect, called, sealed, and kept.
Run to Jesus and find in Him everything…

Declaration of Grace

In the mercy and grace of Almighty God, Jesus Christ was given to die for us, and for His sake God forgives us all our sins. To those who believe in Jesus Christ He gives the power to become the children of God and gives to them the Holy Spirit. May the Lord, who has begun this good work in us, bring it to completion in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen

[1] John Piper

[2] John Piper

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