Luke 20.41-44 click for audio

King David’s LORD

Luke 20:41-44


King David was a little like John.  The Apostle John was given the extreme privilege to see and hear what was taking place in heaven when he wrote the Book of Revelation.  David was given the privileged to overhear a conversation between God the Father and God the Son in eternity past as he wrote Psalm 110.  David hears the conversation and then writes it down for us to read.

Psalm 110:1 The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”

What wonder and awe must have been in King David’s heart as he contemplated this divine truth.  His Lord would soon be seated next to God the Father.  Not only seated but seated on the right hand side, showing majesty and power.  David goes on in that Psalm to describe One who is his sovereign superior.  His description matches only One Person.  Only One Person qualifies as the One David is speaking of in Psalm 110…Jesus Christ.

Throughout chapter 20 of Luke the Jewish leadership has tried to embarrass Jesus theologically, politically, and to discredit Him as a teacher.  They begin by questioning His authority to cleanse the temple.  They have sought to ask His difficult questions in the attempt to turn His followers away and expose Him as a sham.  Their attempts at putting Jesus on the hot seat have not worked out quite the way they had envisioned.  In fact, in all cases they’re the ones who looked foolish.

Now it’s Jesus’ turn to ask them a question.  This question is of vital importance to all mankind.  It should be a question that every leader of Israel knew the answer to, but sad to say, they didn’t.

Jesus’ question is really in the form of a riddle.  The only conclusion to this riddle is that Jesus Christ is both David’s descendant and David’s Lord.  In other words, He is both man and God together in the same person.

The answer to this riddle opens up the gates to heaven as one sees this in the Gospel.

Primary Claim- Jesus is fully God and fully man in one Person and will be forever.

Human Condition

Our great need is to know the Jesus of the Bible…because there is salvation in none other.

We have the great need to have our eyes opened to the fact that Jesus is both wholly man and wholly God in one Person and He will be forever.

To know this Jesus means salvation and we only know Him through God’s revealed Word, the Bible.  We are often exposed to ideas and opinions about Jesus.  Many have formulated and fashioned their own Jesus from their imagination.  We must make sure we are worshipping the Jesus of the Bible.  We do this as we allow the Bible to show us who Jesus is and what He is like.

Today, let’s hear Jesus’ Words concerning Himself in the form of a riddle.

Luke 20:41 But he said to them, “How can they say that the Christ is David’s son?

42 For David himself says in the Book of Psalms, “‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand,

43 until I make your enemies your footstool.’

44 David thus calls him Lord, so how is he his son?”

1.  Jesus is David’s Son

Luke 20:41 But he said to them, “How can they say that the Christ is David’s son?

Our Lord has easily shot down the questions from His opponents.  Should we pay taxes to Caesar or not?  Whose wife will she be in the next age for she has had seven husbands?  He’s now placed them on the hot seat.   It’s Jesus’ turn to ask a question.  Unlike Jesus’ very wise responses, the Jewish leadership again is forced to place their hands over their mouths and render Jesus absolutely no response at all.  They are the ones who are discredited and embarrassed theologically.

The OT makes it clear that the Messiah would come from the lineage of King David…

2 Samuel 7:12 When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this.

They should have known from the Old Testament that Jesus was the heir of the throne of David.  There were no doubt other who were decendants of King David but none who healed the sick, blind, and lame and taught like Jesus.  Connecting His lineage and His ministry should shout Messiah!

Isaiah 35:5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped;

6 then shall the lame man leap like a deer, and the tongue of the mute sing for joy.

Isaiah 42:7 to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, from the prison those who sit in darkness.

If they would have known the OT teachings and if they would have compared those to what they saw in Jesus’ ministry, they should have deduced that He was in fact the Messiah.

This really should have come at no surprise.  All over the OT were texts showing what the Messiah would do and what He would be like.  Jesus met the criteria perfectly.  They saw Him with their own eyes, witnessed His miracles and heard Him teach.  No one could do what He did and no one ever taught like He did.  They missed it.  I pray we do not.

Even though they saw Jesus first hand, we have two advantages they didn’t have.  We have the Holy Spirit giving us illumination into these passages and we have the finished Scriptures.  For example we have the Gospel of Luke, something they didn’t have.

Luke makes it very clear that Jesus is from the lineage of King David.  In fact, that was one of his overarching goals he had in writing his Gospel.

Very early on when he records the angel’s conversation with Mary, he makes it very clear that the OT prophecies will come to pass through the baby Mary will give birth to.

Luke 1:31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus.

32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David,

33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.”

This is the exact language used by Isaiah in the passage we read earlier.  Up until now we might be confused as to the identity of the Christ or Messiah.  Because we are so blessed to have the NT, we are shown who the Christ is.

So, Jesus is the Son of David.

What does this mean to us?  Jesus had a human body just like ours…

Why was it necessary for Jesus to have a human body like ours and what does it mean to us that he did?

A. Jesus could obey God for us.

The first Adam was a man just like us and his sin has affected all humans.  Adam was our representative head.  When he sinned he took us all with him.  However, God sent a second Adam, One born in the flesh to rescue us from the condemnation that the first Adam brought on all humanity.

Romans 5:18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.

19 For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.

Paul would also use this type of language in 1 Corinthians 15 where he calls Jesus the last Adam.

            B.  Jesus could die for us.

Jesus had to be a man just like us in order to die for our sins and be a Substitute for us on the cross.

Hebrews 2:16 For surely it is not angels that he helps, but he helps the offspring of Abraham.

17 Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.

Unless Jesus was fully human He could not be the acceptable sacrifice for our sin.  The word propitiation means…to appease the wrath of One who is offended and cause Him to be favorable toward the offender.

            C.  Jesus could be the One Mediator for us.

Because we had offended God because of our sin we needed a Mediator, One who could represent us to God.  This Mediator had to possess qualities of each party to effectively mediate.  Jesus is the only Person to ever qualify to be both God and Man.

1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,

            D.  Jesus could rule creation for us.

One purpose man had when he was created was to rule over and subject the creation to his rule.  Because of sin, creation is not subject to man.  Man did not fulfill God’s purposes in subduing creation.  The writer of Hebrews knew that because of sin man does not rule over creation…

Hebrews 2:8 putting everything in subjection under his feet.” Now in putting everything in subjection to him, he left nothing outside his control. At present, we do not yet see everything in subjection to him.

Ephesians 1:22 And he put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church,

Jesus had to be human in order to rule over creation as man was originally intended to do.

E.  Jesus could be an example for us.

Jesus had to be a man in order to live a perfect example for us to follow.  His life is now a pattern for ours.  We must seek live like He lived.

1 John 2:6 whoever says he abides in him ought to walk in the same way in which he walked.

1 Peter 2:21 For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you might follow in his steps.

22 He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.

23 When he was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly.

            F.  Jesus could experience temptation for us.

Because He had a human body, Jesus understands temptation and can sympathize with us as we struggle with it.

Hebrews 2:18 For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

The Messiah was a man descended from the line of David.  From a human stand point Jesus was all the above and much more.  He alone meets the human criteria to be the Christ.

Jesus also meets the Divine criteria…

2.  Jesus is David’s Lord

42 For David himself says in the Book of Psalms, “‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand,

43 until I make your enemies your footstool.’

44 David thus calls him Lord, so how is he his son?”

It was generally believed in ancient Middle East that the father is always greater than the son.  No son would ever be called Lord by His father.  The father was often called Lord by his son or even by his wife.  Never did a father call his son lord.

Here, Jesus is referring to Psalm 110:1.

Psalm 110:1 The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”

Jesus had proven time and time again that He was in fact, Divine.  He possesses deity and showed it all through the Gospel record.  He showed it by doing the things only God can do.  Miracle after miracle proved His claims to be God’s Son.  Forgiving sin proved His claims to be God’s Son.  Now He does it through quoting Scripture to His accusers.

They know what He’s talking about.  God the Father said to God the Son [David’s Lord], Sit at my right hand.  His accusers know that He’s speaking about Himself and identifying Himself as One worthy to sit with God the Father.

When Jesus quoted this Psalm, it must have had a huge impact on His disciples because this is the Psalm they quote most often in the NT when speaking of their Lord.

By quoting this OT passage Jesus shows that He is more than David’s Son, He is David’s Lord and He’s David’s Lord because Jesus Christ is David’s God.

That’s the answer to Jesus’ riddle.  He can be called David’s Son and also David’s Lord because…

Jesus is fully God and fully man in one Person and will be forever.

OT taught that the Messiah would be divine…

Isaiah 9:6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

The NT teaches the Messiah, the Christ is fully God…

Romans 1:3 concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh

4 and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,

Why was it necessary for Jesus to be Divine and what does it mean to us that he is?

A. Jesus had to be fully God in order to bear all the sins of His people.

No mere finite human could bear the sins of untold millions.

B.  Jesus had to be God in order to provide salvation

Jonah 2:9 But I with the voice of thanksgiving will sacrifice to you; what I have vowed I will pay. Salvation belongs to the LORD!”

All of Scripture shows that no mere human could ever save mankind from sin.  It had to be God who would do it.  God alone saves.  It had to be God who paid the penalty for sin.  It had to be God to save mankind.

            C.  Jesus had to be fully God to be the Mediator

Again to be the Mediator Jesus had to have attributes of both man and God.  He revealed God to us…

John 14:9 Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 

If Jesus is not fully God, we have no salvation.

It’s vital that we believe Jesus is Son of David…Fully Man

It’s vital that we believe Jesus is Son of God…Fully God

2 John 1:9 Everyone who goes on ahead and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God. Whoever abides in the teaching has both the Father and the Son.

Do you know the answer to Jesus’ riddle?

44 David thus calls him Lord, so how is he his son?”

The answer to this riddle and complete belief in the answer is the key to opening the gates of heaven.  Jesus tells us…I am David’s Son and I am David’s Lord.

Jn 10:9 I am the door. If anyone enters by me, he will be saved and will go in and out and find pasture. 

Jn 14:6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 

Primary claim refocused

Jesus is fully God and fully man in one Person and will be forever.

We must believe in and follow this Jesus, not one we’ve invented or someone has told us about.  The true Jesus is the Lord of the Scriptures and to know Him means salvation to not know Him or to know the wrong Jesus is to suffer the wrath of God.

Jesus is the Son of David…fully Man and the Son of God… fully divine.  If there is any doubt that He is both, we’ll let Jesus answer His own riddle.

Luke 22:69 But from now on the Son of Man shall be seated at the right hand of the power of God.”

70 So they all said, “Are you the Son of God, then?” And he said to them, “You say that I am.”

71 Then they said, “What further testimony do we need? We have heard it ourselves from his own lips.”

Psalm 110:1 The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”

Human condition changed or Human need met

Our great need is to know the Jesus of the Bible…because there is salvation in none other.

Exhortation in godly living

How can we be sure that we know the real Jesus?  To know Him literally means that we have a deep fellowship and relationship with Him.  It doesn’t mean that we know about Him or even know some true things about Him.  The Bible says, even the demons know some true things about the real Jesus.

Here’s how we know without a doubt that we know Jesus and have been saved through His work on the cross…

1 Jn 2:3 And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments. 

1 Jn 2:4 Whoever says “I know him” but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him, 

Closing text…

Revelation 22:16 “I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you about these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.”

17 The Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price.

18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book,

19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.

20 He who testifies to these things says, “Surely I am coming soon.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus!

21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. Amen.

* Some sections came from Wayne Grudem’s Systematic Theology

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