Sermon: Resurrection Prophecy (Psalm 16)

Resurrection Prophecy

Psalm 16:1-11 (ESV)

A Miktam of David.

Preserve me, O God, for in you I take refuge.

[2] I say to the Lord, “You are my Lord;

I have no good apart from you.”

[3] As for the saints in the land, they are the excellent ones,

in whom is all my delight.

[4] The sorrows of those who run after another god shall multiply;

their drink offerings of blood I will not pour out

or take their names on my lips.

[5] The Lord is my chosen portion and my cup;

you hold my lot.

[6] The lines have fallen for me in pleasant places;

indeed, I have a beautiful inheritance.

[7] I bless the Lord who gives me counsel;

in the night also my heart instructs me.

[8] I have set the Lord always before me;

because he is at my right hand, I shall not be shaken.

[9] Therefore my heart is glad, and my whole being rejoices;

my flesh also dwells secure.

[10] For you will not abandon my soul to Sheol,

or let your holy one see corruption.

[11] You make known to me the path of life;

in your presence there is fullness of joy;

at your right hand are pleasures forevermore.

So far in our series Discovering Christ in the Psalms, we’ve seen Jesus’ incarnation, perfection, and crucifixion.  Today, we’ll look to Psalm 16 for a prophecy concerning Jesus’ resurrection.

The idea of a resurrection from the dead was not new to Old Testament people.  Even as far back as the Book of Job we have Job declaring his faith in God that even in his current dilemma, he trusted in the fact that death would not be the end.

Job 19:25-27 (ESV)

For I know that my Redeemer lives,

and at the last he will stand upon the earth.

[26] And after my skin has been thus destroyed,

yet in my flesh I shall see God,

[27] whom I shall see for myself,

and my eyes shall behold, and not another.

My heart faints within me!

In our Psalm today we have David speaking prophetically about Jesus Christ.  We can look back through the centuries, 1000 years before Jesus Christ and see that King David trusted in the exact same Gospel message that we trust in today.  His hope was in the resurrection of Jesus.

Psalm 16 has a progression of thought.  It begins with King David trusting God to preserve his life and then flows to the point where David realizes that he must trust God with everything and even trust Him with his eternal destiny.

1.  We Trust the Lord with Our Lives (1-4)

Preserve me, O God, for in you I take refuge.

[2] I say to the Lord, “You are my Lord;

I have no good apart from you.”

David understood that he could try everything within his power to preserve his life but in the end he had to trust in a sovereign God.  He could raise up his military, he could rally the troops.  David could seek trusted officials to serve as body guards.  He does everything in his power but in the end God had to be trusted.

We are the same.  We can take all the precautions we can.  We can put dead bolts on all the doors but someone still can break in.  We can purchase a home security system, but a thief can still by pass it.  We can be cautious drivers but still be hit by a drunk driver.  We can do a million other things to try and preserve ourselves.  In the end we must trust God with our lives and the lives of those we love.

David initially sought to preserve his life.  Then he quickly realized that preserving his life is not the most important thing.  What if David lived to be 100 years old but didn’t have the Lord?  What good would 100 years of life be if he spent untold billions of years in hell?  What good would it be for us to live to a ripe old age only to awake in the pit of hell?

He quickly realizes that there is something more important than a long life…

[2] I say to the Lord, “You are my Lord;

I have no good apart from you.”

Do we understand this truth today?  Satan would side track us with this present life that we forget to prepare for the life to come.  What if you’re so careful with living but you don’t prepare for dying?  Do you see what David is getting at?  Trust in the Lord and what ever He has decreed is for your good, whether it is to live to be 100 or 20 as long as you have Christ, you will have the good part from God.

I spoke with a man this week that is on the verge of entering eternity.  He had lived all of his life without Christ.  He had just a few days ago met Christ as his Savior.  He wasn’t concerned too much with his past life because he felt that he had wasted all those years.  So, do you see that it isn’t the number of years that make your life meaningful but it is Christ that gives meaning and purpose.  He gives a life meaning whether that life is 100 years or ten if Jesus is Savior life is good.

Christ gives us meaning and hope.

2- We Trust in the Lord’s Promises (5-6)

[5] The Lord is my chosen portion and my cup;

you hold my lot.

[6] The lines have fallen for me in pleasant places;

indeed, I have a beautiful inheritance.

David began to realize that not only did he need to trust the Lord with his life but with his eternity or afterlife.

When the Hebrews crossed into the Promised Land they were each given a portion and lot.  They rejoiced in this bit of land.  David realizes that he possesses something far more valuable in Christ.  Land could always be taken by an overpowering army.  His portion of Jesus could never be taken.

We trust in the same.  Our possessions are temporal but if we have laid hold of Christ by faith we are forever promises a place in God’s Kingdom.

When David closed his eyes in this life he knew that he had an inheritance waiting for him on the other side.

Do you believe that there is an inheritance waiting for you on the other side?  There is, if you know Jesus.  If you do not know Christ then there will only be an inheritance of suffering.  But for all who know and trust in Christ, then this verse applies to you.

1 Peter 1:3-4 (ESV)

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,  [4] to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you,

Like David, we trust in the Lord’s promises.

3. We Trust in the Promise of the Resurrection (9-11)

[9] Therefore my heart is glad, and my whole being rejoices;

my flesh also dwells secure.

[10] For you will not abandon my soul to Sheol,

or let your holy one see corruption.

[11] You make known to me the path of life;

in your presence there is fullness of joy;

at your right hand are pleasures forevermore.

David held fast to the promise of the afterlife and in the promise of the resurrection.  He knew that he would be raised.  When the time came for him to die, he could do it knowing that there was waiting for him untold blessing and happiness.

So far we’ve been looking at David and his perception of life and death and the afterlife.  While this is the reality of this Psalm, there is a greater and fuller meaning.  We probably would not have caught it if it hadn’t been for Peter and Paul and the New Testament.

-Peter’s Authoritative Interpretation

Acts 2:22-34 (ESV)

“Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know— [23] this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men.  [24] God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it.  [25] For David says concerning him,

” ‘I saw the Lord always before me,

for he is at my right hand that I may not be shaken;

[26] therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced;

my flesh also will dwell in hope.

[27] For you will not abandon my soul to Hades,

or let your Holy One see corruption.

[28] You have made known to me the paths of life;

you will make me full of gladness with your presence.’

[29] “Brothers, I may say to you with confidence about the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day.  [30] Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants on his throne,  [31] he foresaw and spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption. [32] This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses.  [33] Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing.  [34] For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,

” ‘The Lord said to my Lord,

Sit at my right hand,

[35] until I make your enemies your footstool.’

[36] Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

Peter boldly proclaimed that David wasn’t merely writing about himself, but this Psalm would be like an arrow shot through the centuries and the target was Jesus.  Peter basically says that this passage penned by King David finds its ultimate fulfillment in the resurrection of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

It was Jesus’ body that would not be left in Sheol or the grave.  It was Jesus’ body that would not see corruption or decay.  It was His body that would be raised incorruptible.

We must realize that any other interpretation of this Psalm has to be abandoned because we have the Apostle Peter telling us very plainly what it means.

One apostle is enough but to make sure we all get it, Paul comes along and shows us the exact same thing that Peter did.

Acts 13:29-38 (ESV)

And when they had carried out all that was written of him, they took him down from the tree and laid him in a tomb.  [30] But God raised him from the dead,  [31] and for many days he appeared to those who had come up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are now his witnesses to the people.  [32] And we bring you the good news that what God promised to the fathers,  [33] this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus, as also it is written in the second Psalm,

” ‘You are my Son,

today I have begotten you.’

[34] And as for the fact that he raised him from the dead, no more to return to corruption, he has spoken in this way,

” ‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David.’

[35] Therefore he says also in another psalm,

” ‘You will not let your Holy One see corruption.’

[36] For David, after he had served the purpose of God in his own generation, fell asleep and was laid with his fathers and saw corruption,  [37] but he whom God raised up did not see corruption.  [38] Let it be known to you therefore, brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you, and by him everyone who believes is freed from everything

David trusted God with his life and his afterlife.  Jesus trusted God with His life and with His afterlife.  Currently, David’s fleshly body is still in the grave waiting the resurrection of the saints.  Jesus’ body has been united with His spirit in glorification and He is seated next to God the Father.  We must trust that the same God who raised Jesus from the dead will in fact raise us.

Trusting God with our eternal life will make this earthly life much better.  We won’t be crippled with fear of dying but will be able to live life fully and when death comes, it won’t be an enemy to be feared, because Christ our Lord has triumphed over death.

We can live well and die well because of the resurrection David knew about.  Jesus trusted The Father with His life.  We must trust God with ours.  Jesus’ resurrection makes David’s and our resurrection a guaranteed event.  Christ rose and so shall we.

1 Cor. 15:20-22 (ESV)

But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.  [21] For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead.  [22] For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.

King David relied on the fact of a bodily resurrection even before Jesus was born.  How much more should we trust in the promise of the resurrection.  Jesus Christ is the first fruit of the resurrection.  We too as His children will also experience the same resurrection.

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